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THE KLIANTI HOUSE FROM THE NATIONAL REVIVAL PERIOD

The Klianti house is one of the oldest houses in the Old Plovdiv Architectural and Historical Reserve that have survived to our times since the National Revival period. Located at 16, Knyaz Tseretelev Street, opposite the Lamartine House, it is characterised as one of the landmarks for the architectural development of the Plovdiv urban house. It is remarkable for its original plan and spatial composition, and for the high artistic qualities of its interior decoration. It has been proclaimed architectural and artistic monument of culture of national significance in 1995.
The Klianti house remained for a long time unnoticed by connoisseurs of National Revival architecture in Plovdiv on account of its unappealing appearance resulting from a series of reconstructions which the house had undergone over time. The architectural qualities and the artistic values preserved in the building were discovered and popularised by the well-known architect Hristo Peev, researcher of the architecture from the National Revival period in Plovdiv.
According to historical evidence and analysis of the masonry of the building existing today, it is possible to distinguish two main construction periods in its architectural design. According to written sources, the first construction of the building is dated to the middle or third quarter of the 18th century. The year 1817 written on the frescoes in the southeastern room on the floor obviously fixes the time of the reconstruction of the old structure and distinguishes between the first and the second construction period.
Around the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, there was a sharp change in the general state of the house. Its plan was transformed. Additional construction interventions inflicted considerable loss of authentic architectural and decorative-artistic substance that resulted in the appearance of the building as we find it today.
The Klianti house reveals the exceptional richness of artistic values of high quality, intricately ornamented and painted wooden ceilings, ala-franga niches with rich painted decoration, built-in wooden closets and frescoes. The diversity of its interior decoration is unmatched in any of the other houses of that time. In this sense, the Klianti house is an example of the highest achievements of architectural and artistic synthesis in the 19th century city house in Plovdiv.

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