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The earliest mosaics date back to the 2nd century, but the 4th-5th century mosaics are the most numerous. Roman mosaics decorated the representative public buildings and the rich homes of the ancient city Philippopolis. The mosaics of the Roman bath below the Balkan Home in Knyaz Alexander I Battenberg Street and the mosaics in the big hall of the Bishop's residence, revealed in the central underground pedestrian passage on Knyaginya Maria-Louisa Blvd. evoke particular interest. Some of the mosaic panels are kept at the Plovdiv Archaeological Museum.
The floor decoration of an aristocratic home from the late 3rd century, discovered in the "Archaeological" underground pedestrian passage on Tsar Boris III Obedinitel Blvd., is remarkable. It is known as the Eirene Home on account of an image of a woman signed with that name found there. With its peristyle plan the Eirene residential building was a typical representative of rich city homes in Philippopolis. A part of it of 660 sq. m has been explored. The house has two entrances: to the service and to the residential part. One entrance leads to a gallery with colonnade open to an inner courtyard paved with marble slabs. Most rooms are with mosaic floors. The mosaics are polychrome, with rich floral and geometric decoration, executed with little cubes of natural minerals and smalt. The big room for guests is occupied by mosaic with two rectangular panels, one of them with a round medallion and a female image with inscription "Eirene". The mosaics from the residential building combine pictorial elements from the eastern and the western Roman provinces and testify to the existence of a local mosaic workshop.

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