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NIKOPOL

Nikopol is the smallest Bulgarian town on the Danube. It is situated in the shape of an amphitheater on the slopes of several hills.
It is the successor to the ancient settlements Sekuristka ?.nd Nicopolis (town of victories). The latter name of the town is connected with the victory of the Roman Emperor Heraclius over the Persians. The events played out here at the end of the 14th century, which marked the end of the Bulgaria of Shishman, are of great importance - not just because of the fate of the Bulgarian people, but also in the history of the peoples of the Balkans and Europe. In the first centuries of the Ottoman rule (15th -17th century) the town was called Kyuchuk Stambul (Little Istanbul). It was one of the largest military-administrative and strategic cities with a strong fortress, and had an intense commercial, spiritual and political life. During the 18th century it was the centre of the large Nikopol Sancak (a large military-administrative territorial unit in the Ottoman Empire), in which the lands of the Tarnovo Kingdom of Ivan Shishman were included -which made up a significant part of the territory of northern Bulgaria (from the Danube to the Balkan Mountains). During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 Nikopol took on special importance as a border town with a fortress and a significant Ottoman military garrison, as well as with its proximity to Svishtov, where the main forces of the Russian Army crossed the Danube. For this reason, the capture of the Nikopol fortress - the first and only fortress which the Russian Army of the Danube took by force during the entire military campaign - and the liberation of the town on July 16, 1877 is considered to be a significant success for the Russian Army. After the Liberation, the town has become an interesting site for tourists thanks to its natural and historic character.

LANDMARKS
• The medieval Shishman's Fortress, popularly known as the Shishmanovo Kale or Bash Tabia Kale.
• Sts. Peter and Paul's Church (13-14th century) - a remarkable monument of medieval Bulgarian architecture.
• The Elia (Syutlika) Fountain, built by the Roman Frontona in memory of his deceased wife, with a sorrowful, lyric ode engraved in the stone.
• The Assumption of the Holy Virgin's church in the National-Revival style (1840).
• The renovated house of Tsvyatko Smolyanov, where the Apostle of Freedom, Vasil Levski, took refuge.
• Monument to the Russian Soldiers on one of the hills in the town.
• Several National-Revival houses - cultural monuments.
• Remains of the medieval cave monastery on the bank of the Danube, 500 meters from the town, near the Fish Base.
• Excavation of the ancient settlement of Sekuristka on the road to the village of Cherkovitsa.
• The Shishman Park on the bank of the Danube, approximately 4 km (2.5 miles) from the town, known for its extremely well preserved and clean ecology.

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