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BALCHIK

Balchik is situated on the Dobrudzha Black Sea coast 40 km north of Varna.

It was founded by the Thracians, who called the town Krunoi (spring) due to the many springs to its west. Later the Romans renamed it Dionysopolis - in honor of the god of wine and feasts, Dionysus. That name is connected with the development of vine-growing in this district. During the 14th century, it was known as Karvuna and was ruled by Balik - brother of the ruler of Dobrudzha, Dobrotitsa. In the beginning of the 20th century the Romanian Queen Maria, charmed by the beautiful locale, built an oriental-style palace with minarets 2 km from the centre of the town, and, next to it in complete harmony - a domed Orthodox temple. After 1940, the Quiet Nest palace became a holiday home and the area around it was turned into a botanical garden, an affiliate of that in Sofia, with a rich collection of rare plants. Throughout the years Balchik has developed as a port, industrial and resort town. Hotels, holiday homes, villas, campsites and children's summer camps have been built.

LANDMARKS
• Quiet Nest Palace.
• St. Nicholas' Church (1866).
• Remains of the antique fortress; and of the late-Roman and Medieval settlement.
• The old school.
• Ethnographic and Archeological Museum, Art Gallery.
• Balchik Tuzla (Turkish for salt) Mud Sanatorium, which is situated 5 km from Balchik and since 1955 has functioned as a sanatorium for the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system and the peripheral nervous system, the bones, the joints, the tendons, and the skin, urological and gynecological diseases, etc.Рї»С—

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