Bulgaria has some of the most widely diverse flora and fauna in Europe; hundreds of rare species survive in the many untouched landscapes and in the dozen or so national parks.
The country supports several thousand species of plant. Over 30 per cent of the landmass is forest, of which the majority is virgin, the best being in the UNESCO-protected Pirin National Park and the numerous species of trees in the Strandjha National Reserve.
Three-quarters of all European bird species can be found here, of which many are classed as rare. Environments such as the Black Sea coast and the numerous lakes offer ideal environments for native and migratory waders and water species, while the mountains and pastureland offer a refuge to songbirds and birds of prey.