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THE TREASURE OF LOUKOVIT

This treasure was an accidental finding made in 1953 followed by two more findings, in 1955 and in 1986. In all, the treasure consists of 15 silver vessels, 23 applications and requisites for horse harness, along with more than 200 silver rings, hemispherical buttons, and tubules, little applications of human and animal little heads. Three iron reins with bronze teeth suggest the treasure contains parts of three sets of decorations for horse harness. Unfortunately, part of these sets has been hidden (or lost) after the treasure was first found in 1953.
What impresses with some of the objects from this treasure is the sign of 'X', formed by two triangles meeting at their apexes. In Lycian alphabet for instance 'X' was pronounced 'ah' but it is possible in this case the sign to have hadsomeritual-magicsymbolism. This observation was additionally supported by the fact that such a sign is put on Bulgarian ritual breads and is called 'Krastashka' (derivative from 'cross'), without giving it the meaning of the symbol of Christ at all. This 'Krastashka' can be seen in Bulgarian runic letters, too as well as in the calendar 'tallies'. The figure of 'eight'
in various shapes can also be seen on Bulgarian ritual breads and some more enthusiastic researchers even see the stylized symbol of power, the hatchet. The sign on this phial also represents a labrys' which is interpreted as the symbol of the Odryses' dynasty because it is found on royal coins minted from the time King Medok reigned on (after 405 BC). The images of the Great Thracian Goddess in both her main hypostases have allowed researchers to accept that in this particular case the 'labrys-Krastashka' has some bearing to the rites related to annual change of seasons (or the nundial years) and the cults of the 'Mother-Earth' and her daughter, the Goddess-Virgin. It is indicative that in the 'Iberian alphabet' the same sign stands for the letter 'M', while a 'labrys' of the type of 'Krastashka' has been incised on the neck of another high phial from the treasure. If we accept for the Tabrys-Krastashka' the meaning of the letter 'M' then it might be (even though hypothetically) to assume it is an abbreviation of the name of King Medokos or of the Goddess-Mother (from 'Ma' or 'Me').

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