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SHABLA

Shabla is a small town situated on the banks of the lake of the same name, just 24 km from the border with Romania.

There was a settlement in the region as early as the time of the Thracians, which was later a Greek colony and a Roman port-city. In the first years of the Byzantine rule, Shabla was a lively, commercial and crafts centre, but later the craftsmen declined in number and only fishing remained as a major mean of livelihood for the inhabitants.

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LANDMARKS
• Art Gallery.
• St. Haralampius' Church (1853) with icons from 1857 - the work of Z. T. Stefanov of Tryavna.
• Cultural Centre and its museum collection, displaying finds from the 4th-century Byzantine fortress, which were found during archeological excavations.
• Cape Shabla 6 km east of the town - the easternmost point in Bulgaria. The steep coast, 10 meters high, consists of limestone covered in loess. Here one can see the oldest lighthouse on the Black Sea (1856). Near it there are remains of the port and pier of the ancient city of Karon Limen (Karia).
• The brackish Lake Shabla - 3 km from the city, which incorporates the two coastal lakes - Ezerets and Shabla, connected together by a man-made canal. Many birds - ibis, heron, divers, over 100 000 wild geese -find refuge here; rare plant species grow here - the Jamica swamp sawgrass (Cladium mariscus), the spatterdock (Nuphar lutea), the white water lily (Nymphaea alba). The lake is part of a reserve which covers 510 hectares, which also includes unique steppe vegetation. The region is appropriate for relaxation and fishing.
• Lake Durankulak (moor) - part of the natural complex 15 km from Shabla and about 6 km from the border with Romania. The bay is of international importance in the protection of more than 260 species of endemic, rare and endangered plants, animals and, most importantly, birds. The greatest merit for the inclusion of this wetlands in the list of the Ramsar Convention for the Protection of Wetlands is due to the endangered representatives of the waterfowl who winter here - the white-fronted goose, the red-breasted goose and the ferruginous duck, as well as the numerous populations of the pygmy cormorant and the Dalmatian pelican species.
• Durankulak Archeological Complex, which includes: the remains of the oldest Stone Age settlement in this area (second half of the 6th millenium B.C.), the spacious stone homes of which are built right up to the coast; a fortified settlement from the late Bronze Age to the early Iron Age; a Thracian settlement; a fortified Proto-Bulgarian settlement (9-10th century); two antique and one old-Bulgarian necropolis; a temple to the great mother-goddess Kibela of the late Bronze Age (4th-3rd century B.C.) - the only holy place on the Balkan Peninsula dedicated to this Thracian-Phrygian deity, and other precious finds from various periods of human civilization.
• Petroleum find near the village of Tyulenovo.

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