ROMANY / ROMA
Both terms, gypsy and romany (roma), are used as synonyms, as they are both used by the community itself for self-identification. Members of the Roma community adhere to different religions, though retaining their ethnic identity by remaining close together, having left traces on many ethnic traditions. As a whole they live in small closed communities, which rely on human reproduction, folklore, traditions and minimizing their integration into Bulgarian society. There are many subgroups, which have developed owing to different factors: religion (Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Protestant Christianity, Judaism), mother tongue (Romany dialects, Turkish, Bulgarian, Vlach dialects), traditional trades and crafts, time of settlement and way of life. The main groups of gypsies in Bulgaria are the Yerlii (Horahane Roma - Muslims, Dasikane Roma - Christians), Kardarashi (Lovari, Kelderari - tin-platers) and Rudari (Lingurari - Kopanari, Ursari - musicians with dancing bears).