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Nessebar

Travel in Bulgaria to visit Nessebar - a very charming small town, situated on the Black sea coast. It is included in UNESCO’s list of World Cultural Heritage and pronounced as an architectural reserve in 1956. Nessebar is one of the oldest towns in Europe which keeps the spirit of different ages- from Antiquity, through the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The town was a Greek colony in V c. B.C. and an important harbour of the East Roman Empire in VII-VIII c. It became part of Bulgarian lands in 812 during the reign of Khan Krum. Nessebar flourished during the Second Bulgarian Empire and it was a center of Christianity with its numerous medieval churches and monasteries. Now most of the churches are museums- St. Stephan church, St. Spas church and St. Panthokrator church, which is an art gallery. A sightseeing tour in the Old Nessebar is an unforgettable tour experience – in fact it is walking through times. With the well-preserved fortress wall from III-IV c., with churches from the early Middle Ages and those dating from X-XIV c., with typical Bulgarian XVIII-XIX c. architecture and Renaissance houses, you could feel the glorious moments of this small town’s history. A visit of Nessabar is part of many historical and cultural tours in Bulgaria.

LANDMARKS

• Fortress gates and wall of Old Nesebar (5-6th century B.C.).
• The rich collection of Thracian, Greek, Roman, and Bulgarian antiques, as well as the wonderful exhibition of Christian icons, which are preserved in the town museum.
• Basilicas from the 5-6th century A.D.:
- St. Sophia's Church (The Old Bishopric) - tri-cameral church with the dimensions of 19 x 13 meters (62 x 42 feet).
- The Anointed Godmother's Church, carried off halfway by the sea.
• Churches from the 11-14th century, which are elegant products of medieval Bulgarian-Byzantine architecture, distinguished by their ceramic ornamentation on the facade:
- St. Stefan's (10-11th century).
- St. Ivan Alitorgetos' (The Unconsecrated) Church - a tri-cam-eral church from the 9-10th century, which remained unconsecrated, built of sea pebbles, white stones, red brick and ceramics.
- Christ the Pantokrator's Church (13-14th century), built during the reign of Tsar Ivan Alexander.
- St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel's Church (13-14th century).
- St. Paraskeva (13-14th century).
• St. Spas' Church (16th century), which is a typical example of a church built during the Ottoman rule - its eastern fafade is partially dug into the ground.
• Over 100 two-storied National-Revival houses, the second floors of which are in the bay style (wider than the first floor) and exposed wooden beams. The fretwork ceilings and interiors are characteristic of the late Revival period.

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