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MOGILANSKA MOGILA

This barrow was excavated in 1965 in the very centre of the town of Vratsa. From it comes one of the two, proved for certain, Thracian hearse from pre-Roman times. Three burial chambers have been revealed, which form the under-barrow funeral complex. The salvage manner in which the excavations were carried out and the lack of good photo-documentation renders analyses of the findings quite difficult.
The most interesting is grave No. 2 where two horses were laid together with the chariot and separately there is a skeleton of another horse, a silver-plated rein and silver applications. Close by, the bones of a man and a spear were found. At a distance of about 3.5 m away, in the western part of the chamber the skeleton of a 'young man' was laid with his face to the ground. Here, near the head a gold crown was found along with 47 gold applications, 2 gold ear-rings, four silver phials, little silver pitcher, rhytonized little amphora, silver knee-piece with gilt on it, 88 spear points, a sword, bronze helmet, 50 clay figurines and other findings. The mirror placed near
the left hand is of special value. The buried man (about 145-cm to 150-cm tall) was young and because of the many splendid ornaments was, until recently, reckoned to have been the beloved wife of the other buried (and even as an 'Amazon'). In fact ornaments in ancient Thrace had not been exclusively women's attributes and most likely in this case we have a buried Triball prince. An indication to this is the gold crown (of 24-cm diameter and weighing 205 g) and the fact that, along with the chariot, a horse was sacrificed, the silver applications for its harness being exceptionally rich (about 200 ornaments). It might be that the prince perished (together with the other Thracian, the chariot-driver?) during Alexander the Great campaign against the Triball King Syrmos in 335 BC.
The rest of the stock consists of vessels for wine and water, a candelabra and lamps, accoutrements (the famous knee-piece included), a mirror and other things. In the horse trappings there are combined round applications with little human heads symbolizing Orpheos, also observed in Loukovit treasure.

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