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KAVARNA

The town of Kavarna is situated on the southern side of the Dobrudzha Plateau 2 km north of the Black Sea coastline. On the seaside, layers of sarmat limestone are dotted with caves and are cut by two valleys, which make up the picturesque locales of Chirakman, Zeleni Nos (Green Cape) and Dyavolski Rid (Devil's Hill).

Kavarna is a descendent of the Thracian settlement Bizone, whose earliest remains date from the end of the 6th century B.C. Later Greek colonists from Mesembria (present-day Nesebar) settled here. After a strong earthquake during the 1st century B.C., the sea swallowed up the greater part of the town. The Romans restored it and included it in the borders of their empire. As part of the Bulgarian state it was known as Karvuna, Karbona, Karnava and Kavarna. During the 14th century, it was the main city of the independent principality of Karvuna Land founded by the boyars Balik, Dobrotitsa and Ivailo, who restored the town after Tatar invasions. During the time of the Russo-Turkish war of liberation the town was burned and deserted by the bashibozuk (irregular Ottoman troops, who pillaged and looted). After its subsequent restoration it became an agrarian and fishing centre. The inhabitants took active part in the Durankulak rebellions during 1900. These were massive protests in the regions of Varna, Burgas, Shabla and Durankulak - the largest of which exploded after the initiation of a back-breaking tax levied on grain by the government.

LANDMARKS
• Ruins of a Roman wall and a Bulgarian fortress from the Middle Ages on the Chirakman Hill.
Historical and Archeological Museum, Ethnographic complex, Art Gallery.
• Stone drinking fountains from the 18-19th century.
• St. George's Church (1836).
Cape Kaliakra 6 km from Kavarna, on which the Tirizis Fortress is situated - according to legend, the treasure of Alexander the Great's successor, Lysimachus, is hidden here. During the 14th century, the Despot Dobrotitsa built a great fortress and port here, through which he traded with the Genoans. Kaliakra is also famous for the legend of the Bulgarian maids who tied their braids together and threw themselves from the high coastal cliffs in order to preserve their religion and honor from the Ottoman oppressors.

Archaeological site Yaylata.

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