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HISARYA

The town is situated on a small plain in the main section of the Sredna Gora Mountains, 360 meters (1170 feet) above sea level. It is protected on every side by mountain slopes; it is wide open to the sun of Thrace from the south; the air is extremely clean due to the lack of industrial enterprises.
The first residents on the plain were the Thracian tribe of Bessi, and after them Macedonians, but Hisarya reached its zenith during the time of the Romans. They built a city with wide streets, beautiful courtyards, villas for the aristocracy, marble baths, a sewerage system, and an amphitheater; they circled it with a strong fortified wall, which is well-preserved even today. They called it Augusta, Sevastopolis, Dioclesianopol and made it the third-largest city in the province of Thrace after Philipopolis (Plovdiv) and Beroe (Stara Zagora). Between the 9th and 14th century it was within the territory of the Bulgarian state and called Toplitsa. When the Ottomans captured the city, it was completely destroyed. The Turks did not value it for its natural resourses until the 17th century, when they restored it and gave the city its present name - Hisar (tur. fortress).

All monuments of culture in Hissarya are exhibited in a beautiful and very convenient for the visitors park environment.

The Archaeological museum in Hissarya has at its disposal skilled guides who give a competent information to the studious tourists. Hissarya archaeological heritage is unique. There is no other place with so completely preserved monuments of culture from the Roman and Early Byzantine epoch with all their elements and multiformity.

Hissarya is a town of health. Continuing the age-old healing traditions today it has at its disposal modern medical institutions in a number of Spa hotels. They apply the latest achievements of the medical science. The treatment combines the mineral water, the fresh air, the silence and the calmness with the physiotherapy, the aromatherapy, the thalassotherapy, the phytotherapy, the classical and china massages, acupuncture, the dietary cuisine. The Spa centres offer their guests individual programs for every patient. Except the treatment the patients learn how to improve their life - by a better health hygiene, a right feeding, breathing and a gymnastic for good condition. The resort of Hissarya provides excellent opportunity for national and international meetings and symposia on the health problems.

The good healing effect is due to the mineral water and the favourable climate. There are 22 mineral springs in Hissarya with the capacity of over 45 litres per second. The temperature of the water varies from 37° to 51° C. The water is slightly mineralised, hydro-carbonate-sulphated, chlorine and sodium, fluorine-silicon, alkaline. It is of great pH value - 9, without colour and smell, with a pleasant taste. It prevents a number of illnesses. The waters treat renal, liver and gall diseases, diabetes, gout, diatheses, colitis etc. Dozens of healing methods are used, including drinking, swimming in pools and procedures with modern medical equipment. The bottled mineral water from Hissarya is well-known at home and abroad.

The best proof of the power of the mineral water is the renal calculus museum. This incredible collection contents 12 000 exhibits, thrown out during and after the treatment in Hissarya.

The resort of Hissarya is a little oasis, which combines the healing power of the mineral water, the unique archaeological treasure, the fresh air and calmness. If you visit this fantastic place even once, you will love it forever.

LANDMARKS
• The Archeological Museum with a rich collection, which includes an ethnographic exhibition also.
• The Hisar fortress from the 4th century, covering an area of 30 hectares (74 acres) - the fortress walls and gates are mainly what remains. The accoutrements are set up in the resort park and function as an open-air museum of Roman and Byzantine culture.
• Ancient tombs, the largest and most famous of which is the Hissarya Tomb - a Roman family tomb from the 4th century.
• The baths at the Havuza, Momina Banya and Indzheza springs.
• Old Christian basilicas from the 5th and 6th century.
• Church tomb from 10-12th century.
• Churches: The Holy Virgin's in the Momina Banya Quarter, St. Demetrius' in the Vergovo Quarter, St. Panteleimon's, Sts. Peter and Paul's, etc.
• The Thracian cult complex by the village of Starosel, opened in 2000. This is the largest preserved Thracian royal complex with a memorial mausoleum in Southeastern Europe. Most likely from the 5-4th century B.C. It is suggested that the cult centre is from the time of Tsar Sitalk, if not the tomb of the ruler himself. The rich finds from the brick tomb date from the end of the 5th century B.C.

NATURAL RESOURCES
• Mineral springs - 22 in number with a temperature of 37-51°C (98-124°F). The water is slightly mineralized, hydrocarbon-sulfate, chloride and sodium, flouro-silicate, alkaline, with a high pH factor, colorless and odorless, with a pleasant taste. It can be used as a drinking water and preventatively for diseases of the digestive system, kidney-urinary tract, gynecology, dental, skeletal-muscular system, and those that are a result of chronic contact with toxins from heavy metals and pharmaceuticals.
• Climate - Transitional Continental. The average monthly temperature during the summer is 22°C (72°F). The winter is moderate and mild (average monthly temperature +2°C or 36°F), the autumn and the spring are warm (12°C or 54°F). The precipitation is moderate; the snow-cover is short-lived. The number of foggy days is small (11-14); the winds are light and cool.

HOTELS
Sana Spa Hotel
Spa Hotel Hissar
Augusta Spa Hotel
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