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BURGAS

Burgas is the second largest Bulgarian Black Sea port and fourth largest Bulgarian city. It is situated at the end of the bay of the same name, which is deeply cut into the land mass and very convenient for shipping.

Archeological excavations within the territory of the city testify to the existence of a Thracian settlement at this site before the Roman era. During the 2nd-3rd century B.C., the Emperor Vespasianus founded a Roman military colony for veterans named Deultum, later renamed Develt. Later a spa settlement was built near the mineral springs -Aqua Calidae. In the Middle Ages, a small guard tower-fortress emerged here Pirgos. The present-day name of the city dates from the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th century, Burgas had already become an important commercial and administrative centre on the Black Sea, and after the Liberation it became one of the largest administrative, cultural and economic centres of Bulgaria and an attractive sea resort. Tourists have the choice of two beaches with unique dark sand with an admixture of magnetite (iron oxide), which has a curative effect; many opportunities for sport and amusement, modern hotels, small family hotels and private lodgings, tourist centres, two large campsites, restaurants, beerhouses, stores, convenient transport - sea transport terminal, airport, train station, regular bus lines. The resorts of Sunny Beach, Sozopol, Pomorie, Nesebar, and the holiday villages of Elenite and the Dunes are all nearby. Burgas is the host of many international and regional festivals and contests, which lend variety to the tourist's relaxation.

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LANDMARKS
• Historical Museum, founded in 1925.
• Ethnographic Museum with a video hall, which is situated in a home built in 1873 - a National Revival cultural landmark.
• Museum of Natural History.
• Philharmonic, opera, drama and puppet theaters.
• Art Gallery.
• The Sea Garden with beautiful greenery. Within the park, there are a casino, small zoo, open-air theater, as well as the bust of the Polish poet and revolutionary Adam Mitskevich, who resided in Burgas in 1850.
• The St. Cyril and Methodius' Cathedral with its original wooden altar and well-preserved murals.
• Armenian Church (1855).
• Burgas Mineral Baths 15 km from the city, where the ruins of the old Roman town of Aetos, built around mineral springs, can be seen.
• Lake Burgas with many opportunities for rest and fishing, a refuge for herons, ibises and pelicans.
• Lake Atanas - a super salty coastal lake, divided into two parts by the Burgas-Varna Highway. The northern section is a biosphere reserve and the southern section is a buffer zone. Both parts have been -works since 1906. It is surrounded by other, smaller water basins, as well as by a system of canals, overgrown by marshland vegetation. More than 233 species of higher plants have been found here. Many marsh and sea birds nest at Lake Atanas, migrating from Gibraltar and the Bosporus, 17 species of these are included in the Red Book of Bulgaria. This is the bird paradise of Bulgaria. One can see over 300 bird species here (out of a total of 400 in Bulgaria).
• Mandren Lake 10 km from Burgas - an ornithological reserve, popular because of its beautiful lagoons, which are appropriate for boat rides and fishing.
• Pomorie Lake 20 km from Burgas, around which there are salt pits and spa resorts.
• The village of Kraimorie (Kafka) with a wonderful beach, holiday homes and private lodgings.
• Otmanli Park (600 hectares in area) near Cape Chukalia 15 km from Burgas with a hunting preserve and bungalows.

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